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Call for Papers

The Practice/s of Giving Reasons: a special issue of Topoi

Guest Edited by Chris Campolo and David Godden

 

The re-discovery, in the late 1970’s, of the perspectives on argument as process and practice (added to that of product) occasioned a dramatic re-visioning of the object of study in argumentation. Viewed as a practice of transacting reasons, argumentation became a situated activity, or doing, requiring know-how, rather than a collection of reasons – a thing containing a collection of knowledge-that.

This volume focuses on the normative and epistemic dimensions and consequences of viewing argumentation as the practice/s of transacting (giving and asking for) reasons. We mean to create momentum behind the perspectives focused primarily on the actions and doings which, alongside many related human practices, constitute argumentation. Here we open a space to explore and interrogate the idea that neither argumentation as a whole, nor the many elements into which it may be analyzed, can be adequately understood apart from an account of what it is to give reasons, with all the complexity and fluidity that attends our engagement in any kind of know-how. Rather, the practice/s of transacting reasons is central to the projects of explaining what a reason is, how reasons work, the normativity of reasons, as well as their prescriptivity (or our accountability to them). Continue Reading »

Workshop on Argument Mining: Perspectives from Information Extraction, Information Retrieval and Computational Linguistics

9-10 July 2014, Dundee, Scotland

http://www.arg.dundee.ac.uk/swam2014

SECOND CALL FOR PAPERS AND PARTICIPATION

Submissions of position statement are invited for the SICSA Workshop on Argument Mining to be held in Dundee, Scotland.

Argument mining exploits the techniques and methods of natural language processing, or more specifically – text and opinion mining, for semi-automatic and automatic recognition and extraction of structured argument data from unstructured natural language texts. Lying at the intersection of sentiment analysis and computational models of argument, it is attracting increasing attention with an ACL workshop on the topic in Baltimore (http://www.uncg.edu/cmp/ArgMining2014/) and a meeting dedicated to the topic in Warsaw (http://argdiap.pl/argdiap2014).

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Argumentation, Rationality and Decision

Imperial College London, 18th-19th September 2014

Argumentation, initially studied in philosophy and law, has in recent years been the subject of extensive formal research in artificial intelligence and computer science. It provides representations and algorithms for reasoning with incomplete and possibly inconsistent information. Formalisms can be used to model decision-making by individual agents performing critical thinking or by multiple entities dialectically engaged to reach mutually acceptable decisions. However, so far there has been little engagement with the rich mathematical theories of decision, studied as part of microeconomic theory.

In turn, formal rational choice theory has paid little attention to the structure and content of arguments brought to bear on decisions. The outcomes of choices are typically assigned values treated as embodying a cardinal or ordinal preference relation, with decision rules identifying good choices according to various decision rules and under differing conditions of circumstantial knowledge (certainty, strict uncertainty, risk). However, when people make decisions, whether that process has been rational or not depends not only on the optimality of outcome, but also on the argumentative structure implicit in the person’s deliberation. The structure of argument is important, and arguments for and against choices are weighed against each other depending on how firm the reasons are from which the argument is formed.

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Transcendental Arguments in Practical Philosophy

International Conference

Alfried Krupp Wissenschaftskolleg / University of Greifswald, Germany

November 12-15, 2014

Since the publication of Stroud’s classic paper of 1968, general discussions on transcendental arguments have often been received with serious reservations. At the same time, transcendental arguments continue to play a prominent role in some recent approaches to practical philosophy. Also, some authors argue that transcendental reasoning might be more promising in the context of practical philosophy than in theoretical contexts.

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FIRST CALL FOR PARTICIPATION

Summer School on Argumentation: Computational and Linguistic Perspectives

Thu Sept 4th – Mon Sept 8th 2014, Dundee, Scotland http://ssa2014.arg.dundee.ac.uk/

The Summer School aims to provide attendees with a solid foundation in computational and linguistic aspects of argumentation and the emerging connections between the two. Furthermore, attendees will gain experience in using various tools for argument analysis and processing.

The School is being held in the days before the COMMA 2014 conference in Pitlochry (http://comma2014.arg.dundee.ac.uk) and will include tutorials from the conference’s invited speakers, as well as other leading academics in computational approaches to argumentation and linguistics.

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Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric

Vol.36 No. 49

Budzynska Katarzyna, van Eemeren Frans H., Koszowy Marcin, “Preface: From Pragmatics and Dialectics to Argument Studies”

PART I: SPEECH ACTS AND ARGUMENTS

Searle John R., “The Structure and Functions of Language”

Snoeck Henkemans A., Francisca, “Speech Act Theory and the Study of Argumentation”

Andone, Corina, “Maneuvering with the Burden of Proof: Confrontational Strategies in Dealing with Political Accountability”

Goodwin, Jean, “Conceptions of Speech Acts in the Theory and Practice of Argumentation: A Case Study of a Debate about Advocating”

PART II: ARGUMENTATION IN A DIALOGUE

Simons Peter, “Linguistic Complexity and Argumentative Unity: A Lvov-Warsaw School Supplement”

Mackenzie Jim, “From Speech Acts to Semantics”

Jacquette Dale, “Collective Referential Intentionality in the Semantics of Dialogue”

Botting David, “Without Qualification: an Inquiry into the Secundum Quid”

Wells Simon, “Supporting Argumentation Schemes in Argumentative Dialogue Games”

Lewiński Marcin, “Argumentative Polylogues: Beyond Dialectical Understanding of Fallacies”

PART III: DISCUSSION PAPERS

van Laar Jan Albert,”Motivated Doubts: A Comment on Walton’s Theory of Criticism”

Szymanek Krzysztof, “Justification and Argumentation”

Forgács Gábor,”Strategic Manoeuvring and the Selection of Starting Points in the Pragma-Dialectical Framework”

All papers are available as open access, pdf downloads at the Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric homepage

Informal Logic

Vol 34, No 2 (2014)

Table of Contents

Articles

Rhetoric, Dialectic and Logic: The Wild-Goose Chase for an Essential Distinction (152-166), Charlotte Jørgensen

The Authority of Citations and Quotations in Academic Papers (167-191), Begoña Carrascal

Throwing the Baby Out with the Water: From Reasonably Scrutinizing Authorities to Rampant Scepticism About Expertise (192-218), Markus Seidel

Critical Reviews

Meta-argumentation, An Approach to  Logic and Argumentation Theory (219-239), J. Anthony Blair

All articles available online, open access: Informal Logic:  Reasoning and Argumentation in Theory and Practice

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